Based on the following goals:

  1. To identify key feedbacks mechanisms, establish similarities, differences and knowledge gaps across all EBUS,
  2. To facilitate the access to all developed scientific information across all EBUS,
  3. To identify the current limitations of numerical models and necessary improvements,

the terms of reference (ToRs) are:

ToR#1. Synthesize available information on important EBUS processes, their time and space scales (i.e., diurnal, intraseasonal, interannual, decadal, multidecadal) and their implications on water column properties, biogeochemical cycles, biodiversity/ecosystem structure and functioning, and the ecosystem services they provide. Seek to identify key feedback mechanisms, establish similarities, differences and knowledge gaps across all EBUS. A scientific review paper and a summary for policy makers will be the key deliverable.

ToR#2. Develop a Web portal for EBUS by creating a web-based platform to graphically query integrated information on published data, model outputs, as well as protocols for measuring key properties and indicators in EBUS.

ToR#3. Determine the strengths and weaknesses of existing EBUS coupled physical-biological models. Such an analysis will have mostly a regional focus, but it will also attempt to address subregional scales building upon past and on-going research programs on upwelling centers (e.g. Bay of Hann near Dakar (Senegal), Monterey Bay (USA), Bay of Concepcion (Chile)). This TOR will require interaction with the CLIVAR WG. The key product will be a publication in a high impact journal.

ToR#4. Recommend a framework for regional interdisciplinary (physics to biology) EBUS observing and modeling systems. This stems from TORs 1-3. The observation system will be designed to improve the performance and reliability of forecast models in these socio-economically relevant regions of the world ocean. Such a recommendation brief will also

address needs for fostering interactions between the observational and modelling communities (e.g. coordinated experiments with common forcing; recommendations on resolution of specific processes or a specific scale, etc). The recommendations will be included in the summary for policy makers.

Based on the terms of reference adjustment, deliverables are:

Deliverable #1: A scientific review paper on key feedback mechanisms and knowledge gaps across all EBUS, and which presents similarities and differences amongst EBUS. The paper is also meant to identifying research lines that can help in bridging the gap between regional and local/coastal scales from a modeling and observational perspective.

Deliverable #2: A web-based platform dedicated to providing information on meta-data (data and/or associated databases with the responsible scientist/people on charge if it is available), key published papers from observations and model results (including information on reanalyzes used for forcing regional models), where graphically the EBUS databases will be queried and useful information about measurements and protocols

Deliverable #3: A high impact publication on comparing EBUS based on modelling results.

Deliverable #4: A summary for policy makers, where a strategic recommendation on how to more cost effectively design and improve regional observational systems and synthesize available information are presented.


Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR)

National Science Foundation

North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES)